Hikari Sinking Cichlid Gold Ingredients
Fish meal, wheat flour, flaked corn, brewer's dried yeast, wheat bran, gluten meal, fish oil, dried Aspergillus niger fermentation extract, garlic astaxanthin, DL-methionine, monosodium glutamate, Vitamin A oil, Vitamin D3 supplement, Vitamin E supplement, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K), choline chloride, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (stabilized Vitamin C), inositol, calcium pantothenate, riboflavin, thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, niacin, folic acid, biotin, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, cobalt sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium acid pyrophosphate.
Hikari Sinking Cichlid Gold Ingredients Analysis
Primary ingredient is fish meal. Being a Hikari produced fish meal, we can have confidence in the nutrient and protein levels of the meal. A total of five non-preferred protein sources are listed compared to a single preferred protein source. With wheat split into multiple products and only a single preferred protein source, the preferred protein content is questionable, further validated by the existance of DL-Methionine in the ingredient list. Even if wheat is not the #1 ingredient of this food, the combination of wheat and flaked corn will likely exceed that of the fish meal.
This product contains no preferred plant protein source.
Even so, this product is manufactured to optimize digestion and protein extraction via the inclusion of Aspergillus niger fermentation extract.
Brewers Dried Yeast is a by-product of the beer making process; this ingredient contains about 45% protein and is rich in Vitamin B. Is use in fish foods is as either as a protein source or a vitamin supplement. Studies do exist indentifying its capacity to improve fish growth rates. When used as a supplement comprising between 2% and 4% of the food, this is an acceptable product. When used as a primary provider of protein comprising 25% or more of the food it is less acceptable as protein digestibility concerns have been documented.
Fish oil can be either a beneficial ingredient or a hazardous one. Human grade fish oil collected from specific specifies of fish and screened for mercury will provide necessary omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids as well as protein. Non-human grade fish oil may not be screened for mercury and originate from fish with reduced omega 3 and 6 content.
This pellet food does not contain Ethoxyquin or artificial colors. However, it does contain Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (synthetic vitamin K.)
Oscarfish.Com Rating: 3 Star
Based solely upon preferred protein content, an absence of a preferred plant protein, and use of Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (synthetic vitamin K), this food would only qualify for a 2 star rating. However, known quality of the meal product combined with the inclusion of Aspergillus niger fermentation extract as a pre/probiotic, garlic, and supplemental astaxanthin justify a 3 star rating.
Understanding Oscarfish.Com Ratings:
This review is an attempt to analyze the ingredients, rating them from 1 (worst) to 6 (best) in an effort to judge quality based upon three simple criteria.
- Absence of toxic, potentially toxic, and controversial ingredients
- Aquatic Animal protein and Preferred Plant Proteins as the primary protein sources
- A fully nutritious food to include necessary vitamins and minerals with natural sources of vitamins and minerals being preferred.
These basic concepts apply:
- Any food that utilizes Ethoxyquin, BHA, or BHT as preservatives, cannot rate higher than a 4 star food.
- Use of artificial colors prevents rating higher than a 4 star food.
- Any food that utilizes Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (Synthetic Vitamin K, aka K3) cannot rate higher than a 5 star food.
- Inclusion of the “Whole Fish”, or “Whole Krill” (in meal form or not) is preferred over fish meal or krill meal.
- In order to achieve a 5 or 6 star rating, the quality of the meal must be known.
- In order to achieve a 6 star rating, the “Whole Fish’ (or whole animal) must be used, either in meal form or in sufficient quantities outside of meal form.
- Inclusion of sufficient quantities of preferred plant proteins is a bonus with sufficient Spirulina content being a significant bonus.
- Use of prebiotics or probiotics is a bonus