|Crude Protein||42% min.|
|Crude Fat||10% min.|
|Crude Fiber||4% max.|
Wardley Advanced Nutrition Perfect Protein Tropical Fish Pellet Ingredients:
Fish Meal, De-hulled Soybean Meal, Wheat Middling, Soy Protein Isolate, Wheat Flour, Fish Oil, Ground Dried Spirulina, Brewer's Dried Yeast, Corn Starch, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate, Dl-methionine, Choline Chloride, Vitamin A supplement, Vitamin D3 supplement, Vitamin E supplement, Vitamin B12 supplement, Riboflavin supplement, Niacin supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex, Folic Acid, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Biotin, Salt, Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Manganese Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Potassium Iodate, Sodium Selenite, Cobalt Carbonate, and Ethoxyquin (a preservative).
Wardley Advanced Nutrition Perfect Protein Tropical Fish Pellet Ingredients Analysis
The primary ingredient is fish meal. We have no way of measuring the quality and nutritional value of the meal being used as the source. As a result, the quality and subsequent nutritional value are questionable. Use of fish meal, instead of “whole fish meal”, indicates the primary ingredients are fish processing leftovers (scales, skin, bones, internal organs) deemed unsuitable for human consumption.
De-hulled soybean meal is preferred as a secondary protein source over wheat products due to higher protein and lower fat content. Wheat Middlings are not a preferred ingredient as these are leftovers from the processing of wheat (basically floor sweepings).
The 4th ingredient, Soybean Isolate, is a highly refined and purified form of soy protein. Soy isolate is 90% to 95% protein and nearly carbohydrate and fat free. Having two very high protein soy products listed in the first four ingredients brings into question to quality of the fish meal in use, limiting confidence in the preferred protein content of the food.
Fish oil can be either a beneficial ingredient or a hazardous one. Human grade fish oil collected from specific specifies of fish and screened for mercury will provide necessary omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids as well as protein. Non-human grade fish oil may not be screened for mercury and originate from fish with reduced omega 3 content.
As the 7th listed ingredient, Ground dried Spirulina is a much preferred plant protein that provides a natural source of vitamins and minerals. This is a quality ingredient, although it’s location this far down in the ingredient list minimizes it nutritional value.
There are only two preferred protein sources identified in this food, the 1st listed ingredient, fish meal and the 7th listed ingredient, dried Spirulina, while there are 7 non-preferred protein sources, binders, and fillers. There is no confidence in the preferred protein content of this food.
Brewers Dried Yeast is a by-product of the beer making process; this ingredient contains about 45% protein and is rich in Vitamin B. Is use in fish foods is as either as a protein source or a vitamin supplement. Studies do exist indentifying its capacity to improve fish growth rates. When used as a supplement comprising between 2% and 4% of the food, this is an acceptable product. When used as a primary provider of protein comprising 25% or more of the food it is less acceptable as protein digestibility concerns have been documented.
This flake food contains both. Ethoxyquin, and Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (synthetic vitamin K. ). Use of artificial coloring agents is unknown.
This product was involved in a recall in March of 2012 due to salmonella contamination. The affected products were manufacturered at Hartz’s Pleasant Plain, Ohio, facility and shipped from December 20, 2011, through March 15, 2012. The recall covers 7,056 1-ounce containers of the fish food (UPC number 0-43324-00591-7) from the four production lots (lot codes PP34911, PP34912, PP35011 and PP35012).
Oscarfish.Com Rating: 2 Star
Concerns with the preferred protein content of this pellet, combined with use of Ethoxyquin and Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (synthetic vitamin K) and the listing of wheat middlings so high in the ingredients, prevent rating any higher. Use of quality soybean products over wheat flour and the inclusion of Spirulina prevents a lower rating.
Understanding Oscarfish.Com Ratings:
This review is an attempt to analyze the ingredients, rating them from 1 (worst) to 6 (best) in an effort to judge quality based upon three simple criteria.
- Absence of toxic, potentially toxic, and controversial ingredients
- Aquatic Animal protein and Preferred Plant Proteins as the primary protein sources
- A fully nutritious food to include necessary vitamins and minerals with natural sources of vitamins and minerals being preferred.
These basic concepts apply:
- Any food that utilizes Ethoxyquin, BHA, or BHT as preservatives, cannot rate higher than a 4 star food.
- Use of artificial colors prevents rating higher than a 4 star food.
- Any food that utilizes Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (Synthetic Vitamin K, aka K3) cannot rate higher than a 5 star food.
- Inclusion of the “Whole Fish”, or “Whole Krill” (in meal form or not) is preferred over fish meal or krill meal.
- In order to achieve a 5 or 6 star rating, the quality of the meal must be known.
- In order to achieve a 6 star rating, the “Whole Fish’ (or whole animal) must be used, either in meal form or in sufficient quantities outside of meal form.
- Inclusion of sufficient quantities of preferred plant proteins is a bonus with sufficient Spirulina content being a significant bonus.
- Use of prebiotics or probiotics is a bonus