TetraCichlid Cichlid Crisps Ingredients:
Fish Meal, Fish Oil, Dried Yeast, Cornstarch, Shrimp Meal, Wheat Gluten, Ground Brown Rice, Potato Protein, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Algae Meal, Dried Skimmed Milk, Guar Gum, Lecithin, Yeast Extract, L-Carnitine, Ascorbic Acid (Source of Vitamin C), Inositol, Niacin, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Stabilized Vitamin C), D-Calcium Pantothenate, A-Tocopherol-Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Riboflavin-5-Phosphate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Vitamin A Palmitate (Source of Vitamin A), Folic Acid, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex, Biotin, Cyanocobalamin (Source of Vitamin B12), Cholecalciferol (Source of Vitamin D3), Manganese Sulfate Monohydrate, Zinc Sulfate Monohydrate, Ferrous Sulfate Monohydrate, Cobalt Nitrate Hexahydrate. Color Includes: Yellow 5 Lake, Blue 2 Lake, Canthaxanthin. Ethoxyquin and Citric Acid both as preservatives.
TetraCichlid Cichlid Crisps Ingredients Analysis
Primary ingredient is fish meal. We have no way of measuring the quality of the meal being used but we know Tetra purchases imported fish meal in bulk on the open market, indicating its nutrient and protein content is questionable. The next listed preferred protein source, the 4th listed ingredient (Shrimp Meal), is lower quality protein source than is fish meal.
Fish Oil, the second listed ingredient, can either be a quality product with significant benefit or a hazardous one. If obtained from the correct types of fish and screened for mercury, it is an excellent addition to fish food. If obtained from less desirable fish and not screened for mercury, it is less beneficial and potentially unhealthy. With Fish Oil listed as the second ingredient, it would seem to be added in a reach for additional proteins. In addition, as the second listed ingredient, the possibility of additional benefits or increased risk is magnified.
Dried Yeast is assumed to be "Brewers Dried Yeast", a by-product of the beer making process, this ingredient contains about 45% protein and is rich in Vitamin B. Its use in fish foods is as either as a protein source or a vitamin supplement. Studies do exist identifying its capacity to improve fish growth rates. When used as a supplement comprising between 2% and 4% of the food, this is an acceptable product. When used as a primary provider of protein comprising 25% or more of the food it is less acceptable as protein digestibility concerns have been documented. Its use in this food appears excessive.
Ground Brown Rice is a quality grain added to fish foods as a protein source. Ground brown rice uses the whole grain, not just processing leftovers.
Potato Protein is derived from de-starched potato juice from which the "proteinaceous fraction has been precipitated by thermal coagulation followed by dehydration" (a fancy way of saying "potato juice"). Its use in fish foods is as an inexpensive protein source.
With only two questionable quality preferred protein sources listed in the first 10 ingredients, it is safe to assume the preferred protein content of this food is less than desired.
The remaining preferred protein source of Algae Meal is listed too far down in the ingredient list to be considered as significant contributions to the overall protein or nutrient content.
Blue 2 Lake, an artificial coloring agent, is a synthetic chemical produced by the fusion of sodium phenylgycinate and indoxyl in a mixture of sodamide and caustic soda. Added to fish food as a coloring agent, it serves no nutritional benefit. In humans, it is known to cause hyperactivity, chromosomal damage, nausea, high blood pressure, vomiting, breathing problems, allergic reaction and skin rashes. In fish, this could manifest as unexplained flashing behavior, aggression, and refusal to eat. This chemical has been found to cause brain cancer in rats. Blue 2 has been banned in Sweden, Switzerland, Norway, Germany, France, Belgium, Australia and the British Commonwealth. Being a "lake" instead of a "dye", this product is not water soluble and will not discolor water.
Yellow 5 lake is one of the less egregious of the artificial coloring agents. If you drink Mountain Dew, this is where the "yellow" comes from. Being a "lake" instead of a "dye", this product is not water soluble and will not discolor water.
This food contains each of the three least desired ingredients in fish food, Ethoxyquin, “artificial colors”, and Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (synthetic vitamin K.)
Oscarfish.Com Rating: 1 Star
The existence of Ethoxyquin, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite, and Artificial colors, in addition to the low preferred protein contents of the food, minimal preferred plant protein content, as well as the questionable quality of the meals in use, prevents rating any higher.
Understanding Oscarfish.Com Ratings:
This review is an attempt to analyze the ingredients, rating them from 1 (worst) to 6 (best) in an effort to judge quality based upon three simple criteria.
- Absence of toxic, potentially toxic, and controversial ingredients
- Aquatic Animal protein and Preferred Plant Proteins as the primary protein sources
- A fully nutritious food to include necessary vitamins and minerals with natural sources of vitamins and minerals being preferred.
These basic concepts apply:
- Any food that utilizes Ethoxyquin, BHA, or BHT as preservatives, cannot rate higher than a 4 star food.
- Use of artificial colors prevents rating higher than a 4 star food.
- Any food that utilizes Menadione Sodium Bisulfite (Synthetic Vitamin K, aka K3) cannot rate higher than a 5 star food.
- Inclusion of the “Whole Fish”, or “Whole Krill” (in meal form or not) is preferred over fish meal or krill meal.
- In order to achieve a 5 or 6 star rating, the quality of the meal must be known.
- In order to achieve a 6 star rating, the “Whole Fish’ (or whole animal) must be used, either in meal form or in sufficient quantities outside of meal form.
- Inclusion of sufficient quantities of preferred plant proteins is a bonus with sufficient Spirulina content being a significant bonus.
- Use of prebiotics or probiotics is a bonus